Müller, S.J., Teckentrup, V., Rebollo, I., Hallschmid, M., Kroemer, N.B. (2021). Vagus nerve stimulation increases stomach-brain coupling via a vagal afferent pathway. bioRxiv

Kühnel, A., Czisch, M., Sämann, P.G., BECOME Study Team, Binder, E.B.*, Kroemer, N.B.* (2021) Spatio-temporal dynamics of stress-induced network reconfigurations reflect negative affectivity. bioRxiv

Müller, F.K., Teckentrup, V., Kühnel, A., Ferstl, M., Kroemer, N.B. (2021) Acute vagus nerve stimulation does not affect liking or wanting ratings of food in healthy participants. bioRxiv

Kühnel, A., Czisch, M., Sämann, P., Binder, E.B., Kroemer, N.B. (2020) Threat-induced hippocampal connectivity fingerprints do not generalize to psychosocial stress. bioRxiv


Teckentrup, V., Krylova, M., Jamalabadi, H., Neubert, S., Neuser, M.P., Hartig, R., Fallgatter, A.J., Walter, M., Kroemer N.B. (2021). Brain signaling dynamics after vagus nerve stimulation [Registered Report]. NeuroImage

Wolf, V., Kühnel, A., Teckentrup, V., Koenig, J., Kroemer, N.B. (2021) Does transcutaneous auricular vagus nerve stimulation affect vagally-mediated heart rate variability? A living and interactive Bayesian meta-analysis. Psychophysiology, preprint on bioRxiv

Ferstl, M., Teckentrup, V., Lin, W.M., Kräutlein, F., Kühnel, A., Klaus, J., Walter, M., Kroemer, N.B. (2021) Non-invasive vagus nerve stimulation boosts mood recovery after effort exertion. Psychol Med, preprint on bioRxiv

van den Hoek Ostende, M.M., Neuser, M.P., Teckentrup, V., Svaldi, J., Kroemer, N.B. (2021) Can’t decide how much to EAT? Variability in effort for reward is associated with cognitive control. Appetite, 159: 105067, preprint on bioRxiv.

Krylova, M., Alizadeh, S., Izyurov, I., Teckentrup, V., Chang, C., van der Meer, J.N., Erb, M., Kroemer, N.B., Koenig, T., Walter, M., Jamalabadi, H. (2021) Evidence for modulation of EEG microstate sequence by vigilance level. NeuroImage, 117393, preprint on bioRxiv.


Neuser, M.P., Teckentrup, V., Kühnel, A., Hallschmid, M., Walter, M., Kroemer, N.B. (2020) Vagus nerve stimulation increases the drive to work for rewards. Nat Commun, 11: 3555. doi: 10.1038/s41467-020-17344-9, preprint on bioRxiv

Kühnel, A., Kroemer, N.B., Elbau, I., Czisch, M., Walter, M., Sämann, P., Binder, E.B. (2020). Stress reactivity is modulated by preceding cortisol responses. Hum Brain Mapp, 41: 4010-4023. doi: 10.1002/hbm.25106

Neuser, M.P., Kühnel, A., Svaldi, J., Kroemer, N.B. (2020) Beyond the average: The role of variable reward sensitivity in eating disorders. Physiol Behav, 223: 112971. doi: 10.1016/j.physbeh.2020.112971

Martens, L.*, Kroemer, N.B.*, Teckentrup, V., Colic, L., Palomero-Gallagher, N., Li, M., Walter, M. (2020) Localized prediction of glutamate from whole-brain functional connectivity of the pregenual anterior cingulate cortex. J Neurosci, 40:9028-9042, preprint on bioRxiv.

Kühnel, A., Teckentrup, V., Neuser, M.P., Huys, Q.J.M., Burrasch, C., Walter, M., Kroemer, N.B. (2020) Stimulation of the vagus nerve reduces learning in a go/no-go reinforcement learning task. Eur Neuropsychopharmacol, 35:17-29, preprint on bioRxiv.

Teckentrup, V., Neubert, S., Santiago, J.C.P., Hallschmid, M., Walter, M., Kroemer, N.B. (2020) Non-invasive stimulation of vagal afferents reduces gastric frequency. Brain Stimul, 13:470-473. doi: 10.1016/j.brs.2019.12.018, preprint on bioRxiv

Farmer, A., Strzelczyk, A., Finisguerra, A., Gourine, A.V., Gharabaghi, A., Hasan, A., …, Kroemer, N.B., …, Teckentrup, V., …, König, J. (2020). International consensus based review and recommendations for minimum reporting standards in research on transcutaneous vagus nerve stimulation (Version 2020). Front Hum Neurosci. doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2020.568051

Großkopf, C., Kroemer, N.B., Pooseh, S., Böhme, F., Smolka, M.N. (2020). Temporal discounting and smoking cessation: Choice consistency predicts nicotine abstinence in treatment-seeking smokers. Psychopharmacology, 238:399–410. doi: 10.1007/s00213-020-05688-5

Bäuchl, C., Kroemer, N.B., Pooseh, S., Petzold, J., Bitzer, S., Thurm, F., Li, S.C., Smolka M.N. (2020). Reward modulates the association between sensory noise and brain activity during perceptual decision-making. Neuropsychologia, 149: 107675. doi: 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2020.107675


Teckentrup, V., van der Meer, J.N., Borchardt, V., Fan, Y., Neuser, M.P., Tempelmann, C., Herrmann, L., Walter, M., Kroemer, N.B. (2019) The anterior insula channels prefrontal expectancy signals during affective processing. NeuroImage, 200: 414-424. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2019.06.041; preprint on bioRxiv.

Fröhner, J.H., Teckentrup, V., Smolka, M.N., Kroemer, N.B. (2019) Addressing the reliability fallacy in fMRI: Similar group effects may arise from unreliable individual effects. NeuroImage, 195: 174-189. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2019.03.053; preprint on bioRxiv.

Popescu, T., Neuser, M.P., Neuwirth, M., Bravo, F., Mende, W., Boneh, O., Moss, F.C., Rohrmeier, M. (2019) The pleasantness of sensory dissonance is mediated by musical style and expertise. Sci Rep, 9:1070.

Kroemer, N.B., Lee, Y., Pooseh, S., Eppinger, B., Goschke, T., Smolka, M.N. (2019) L-DOPA reduces model-free control of behavior by attenuating the transfer of value to action. NeuroImage, 186: 113-125. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2018.10.075; preprint on bioRxiv.


Kroemer, N.B., Veldhuizen, M.G., Delvy, R., Batel, B.P., O’Malley, S.S., Small, D.M. (2018) Sweet taste potentiates the reinforcing effects of e-cigarettes, Eur Neuropsychopharmacol, 28:1089–1102. doi: 10.1016/j.euroneuro.2018.07.102

Kuitunen-Paul, S., Scheffel, C., Böhme, F., Kroemer, N.B., Kuipers, L.Y., Kuitunen, P.T., Smolka, M.N., Bühringer, G. (2018) Interpersonal and intrapersonal relapse predictors in a structured group intervention for smoking cessation. J Subst Use, 24: 29-35. doi: 10.1080/14659891.2018.1489904

Lee, Y., Kroemer, N.B., Oehme, L., Beuthien-Baumann, B., Goschke, T., Smolka, M. N. (2018) Lower dopamine tone in the striatum is associated with higher body mass index, Eur Neuropsychopharmacol, 28:719–731. doi: 10.1016/j.euroneuro.2018.03.009

Neukam, P.T., Kroemer, N.B., Deza Araujo, Y. I., Hellrung, L., Pooseh, S., Witt, S.H., Schwarzenbolz, U., Rietschel, M., Henle, T., Smolka, M.N. (2018) Risk-seeking for losses is associated with 5-HTTLPR, but not with transient changes in 5-HT levels, Psychopharmacology 235: 2151-2165. doi: 10.1007/s00213-018-4913-9

Kroemer, N.B. (2018) Exaggerated control demands over reward-related behavior in anorexia nervosa. Biol Psychiatry, 83:194-196. doi: 10.1016/j.biopsych.2017.11.024.

Nebe, S., Kroemer, N.B., Schad, D.J., Bernhardt, N., Sebold, M., Muller, D.K., Scholl, L., Kuitunen-Paul, S., Heinz, A., Rapp, M.A., Huys, Q.J., Smolka, M.N. (2018) No association of goal-directed and habitual control with alcohol consumption in young adults. Addict Biol, 23:379-393. doi: 10.1111/adb.12490


Gotting, F.N., Borchardt, V., Demenescu, L.R., Teckentrup, V., Dinica, K., Lord, A.R., Rohe, T., Hausdorfer, D.I., Li, M., Metzger, C.D., Walter, M. (2017) Higher interference susceptibility in reaction time task is accompanied by weakened functional dissociation between salience and default mode network. Neurosci Lett, 649:34-40.

Veldhuizen, M.G., Babbs, R.K., Patel, B., Fobbs, W., Kroemer, N.B., Garcia, E., Yeomans, M.R., Small, D.M. (2017) Integration of sweet taste and metabolism determines carbohydrate reward. Curr Biol, 27:2476-2485.


Gao, X., Sun, X., Veldhuizen, M.G., Nakamura, Y., Kroemer, N.B., Small, D.M. (2016) Micturition drive is associated with decreased brain response to palatable milkshake in the human anterior insular cortex. Chemosens Percept, 9:174-181.

Kroemer, N.B., Burrasch, C., Hellrung, L. (2016) To work or not to work: Neural representation of cost and benefit of instrumental action. Progress in Brain Research, 229:125-157.

Kroemer, N.B., Small, D.M. (2016) Fuel not fun: Reinterpreting attenuated brain responses to reward in obesity. Physiol Behav, 162:37-45.

Kroemer, N.B., Sun, X., Veldhuizen, M.G., Babbs, A.E., De Araujo, I.E., Small, D.M. (2016) Weighing the evidence: Variance in brain responses to milkshake receipt is predictive of eating behavior. NeuroImage, 128:273-283.

Sebold, M., Schad, D.J., Nebe, S., Garbusow, M., Junger, E., Kroemer, N.B., Kathmann, N., Zimmermann, U.S., Smolka, M.N., Rapp, M.A., Heinz, A., Huys, Q.J. (2016) Don’t think, just feel the music: Individuals with strong Pavlovian-to-instrumental transfer effects rely less on model-based reinforcement learning. J Cogn Neurosci, 8:985-995.


Ehrlich, S., Geisler, D., Ritschel, F., King, J.A., Seidel, M., Boehm, I., Breier, M., Clas, S., Weiss, J., Marxen, M., Smolka, M.N., Roessner, V., Kroemer, N.B. (2015) Elevated cognitive control over reward processing in recovered female patients with anorexia nervosa. J Psychiatry Neurosci, 40:307-15.

Jurk, S., Kuitunen-Paul, S., Kroemer, N.B., Artiges, E., Banaschewski, T., Bokde, A.L., Buchel, C., Conrod, P., Fauth-Buhler, M., Flor, H., Frouin, V., Gallinat, J., Garavan, H., Heinz, A., Mann, K.F., Nees, F., Paus, T., Pausova, Z., Poustka, L., Rietschel, M., Schumann, G., Struve, M., Smolka, M.N., IMAGEN consortium (2015) Personality and substance use: psychometric evaluation and validation of the Substance Use Risk Profile Scale (SURPS) in English, Irish, French, and German adolescents. Alcohol Clin Exp Res, 39:2234-48.

Knoll, M., Meyer, B., Kroemer, N.B., Schröder-Abé, M. (2015) It takes two to be yourself: An integrated model of authenticity, its measurement and its relationship to work-related variables. J Individ Differ, 36:38-53.

Kroemer, N.B., Wuttig, F., Bidlingmaier, M., Zimmermann, U.S., Smolka, M.N. (2015) Nicotine enhances modulation of food-cue reactivity by leptin and ghrelin in the ventromedial prefrontal cortex. Addict Biol, 20:832-44.

Sun, X., Kroemer, N.B., Veldhuizen, M.G., Babbs, A.E., de Araujo, I.E., Gitelman, D.R., Sherwin, R.S., Sinha, R., Small, D.M. (2015) Basolateral amygdala response to food cues in the absence of hunger is associated with weight gain susceptibility. J Neurosci, 35:7964-76.


Hahn, T., Notebaert, K., Anderl, C., Teckentrup, V., Kaßecker, A., Windmann, S. (2014) How to trust a perfect stranger: predicting initial trust behavior from resting-state brain-electrical connectivity. Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci, 10:809-813.

Kobiella, A., Ripke, S., Kroemer, N.B., Vollmert, C., Vollstadt-Klein, S., Ulshofer, D.E., Smolka, M.N. (2014) Acute and chronic nicotine effects on behaviour and brain activation during intertemporal decision making. Addict Biol, 19:918-30.

Kroemer, N.B., Guevara, A., Ciocanea Teodorescu, I., Wuttig, F., Kobiella, A., Smolka, M.N. (2014) Balancing reward and work: anticipatory brain activation in NAcc and VTA predict effort differentially. Neuroimage, 102 Pt 2:510-9.

Pilhatsch, M., Scheuing, H., Kroemer, N.B., Kobiella, A., Bidlingmaier, M., Farger, G., Smolka, M.N., Zimmermann, U.S. (2014) Nicotine administration in healthy non-smokers reduces appetite but does not alter plasma ghrelin. Hum Psychopharmacol, 29:384-7.

Pilhatsch, M., Vetter, N.C., Hubner, T., Ripke, S., Muller, K.U., Marxen, M., Rodehacke, S., Mennigen, E., Schmidt, D., Kroemer, N.B., Smolka, M.N. (2014) Amygdala-function perturbations in healthy mid-adolescents with familial liability for depression. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry, 53:559-68 e6.


Kroemer, N.B., Guevara, A., Vollstadt-Klein, S., Smolka, M.N. (2013) Nicotine alters food-cue reactivity via networks extending from the hypothalamus. Neuropsychopharmacology, 38:2307-14.

Kroemer, N.B., Krebs, L., Kobiella, A., Grimm, O., Pilhatsch, M., Bidlingmaier, M., Zimmermann, U.S., Smolka, M.N. (2013) Fasting levels of ghrelin covary with the brain response to food pictures. Addict Biol, 18:855-62.

Kroemer, N.B., Krebs, L., Kobiella, A., Grimm, O., Vollstadt-Klein, S., Wolfensteller, U., Kling, R., Bidlingmaier, M., Zimmermann, U.S., Smolka, M.N. (2013) (Still) longing for food: insulin reactivity modulates response to food pictures. Hum Brain Mapp, 34:2367-80.

Pilhatsch, M., Kroemer, N.B., Schneider, C., Ebersbach, G., Jost, W.H., Fuchs, G., Odin, P., Reifschneider, G., Bauer, M., Reichmann, H., Storch, A. (2013) Reduced body mass index in Parkinson’s disease: contribution of comorbid depression. J Nerv Ment Dis, 201:76-9.


Grimm, O., Jacob, M.J., Kroemer, N.B., Krebs, L., Vollstadt-Klein, S., Kobiella, A., Wolfensteller, U., Smolka, M.N. (2012) The personality trait self-directedness predicts the amygdala’s reaction to appetizing cues in fMRI. Appetite, 58:1023-9.